AP MACROECONOMICS STUDY SHEETword免费下载

您现在的位置:情感文章 > 情感美文,time:2019-05-17 07:02
上一篇:房地产公司智能化事业部岗位职责word免费下载 下一篇:A word change the worldword免费下载

这样被退稿的几率大吗?在2019/5/1416:41:21对进行点评2不是骗人的吧。

  服务内容的多元化  网络环境下图书馆的参考咨询服务已经不再局限于对读者的简单咨询、书目检索,知识检索及综合性信息服务也成为了主要的服务内容。

AP MACROECONOMICS STUDY SHEETword免费下载

APMACROECONOMICSSTUDYSHEET–FORTHEFINALSECTIONModule:ProductionPossibilitiesCurveModule:ComparativeAdvantageSECTIONModules:MakesureyouknowthebasicsofsupplyanddemandModule–PricefloorsandceilingsSECTIONModules:KnowwhatisincludedinGDPYouwon’thavetocalculaterealGDPfromnominalGDP,butknowthatrealGDPisadjustedforinflationModules:Threetypesofunemployment(frictional,structuralandcyclical)Fullemployment=naturalrateofunemploymentandisbetweenKnowwhoisincludedinthelaborforceKnowhowtocalculatetheunemploymentrateModules:DemandPullInflation–causedbyexcessoftotalspending(rightwardshiftinADcurve)CostPushInflation–causedbyrisingresourcecosts→raisesperunitproductioncosts→leftwardshiftinAScurveRealinterestratesexpectedinflation=nominalinterestratesConsumerPriceIndexSECTIONModule:MultipliersKnowtherelationshipbetweendisposableincome,consumptionandsavingsModules:KnowtheADASmodelAD=CIGXIMAggregateSupplyCurveupslopinginshortrunandverticalinlongrunatfullemploymentFlexibilityofwagesinthelongrunselfcorrecttheeconomybacktofullemploymentandaccountfortheverticallongrunAScurveRightwardshiftoflongrunASdemonstrateseconomicgrowth,whichisaffectedbynewtechnologyandimprovementsinworkerproductivityNegativeandPositiveDemandandSupplyShocksNegativeSupplyShockStagflationincreasesinbothunemploymentandinflationIn’scausedby“supplyshocks”(↑oilprices)AstheAScurveshiftedtotheleft,thePhillipsCurveshiftedtotherightRecessionaryandinflationarygapsModules:DiscretionaryvsnondiscretionaryfiscalpolicyDiscretionaryfiscalpolicyiswhenthegovernmentdeliberatelychangestaxes,governmentspending,governmenttransfersoracombinationofalltostabilizetheeconomyKeynesiantheoryexplainsthatchangesintaxeswillaffectADSupplysideseconomicsarguesthatdecreasesintaxeswillincreaseASExpansionaryFiscalPolicy↑governmentspendingor↓taxesorboth→createsabudgetdeficitwhichisfundedthroughsaleofgovernmentsecuritiesThiscreatesanincreaseddemandforloanablefunds(loanablefundsmarketgraph)whichincreasesrealinterestrates→crowdsoutbusinessinvestmentThisiscalledtheCrowdingOutEffectContractionaryFiscalPolicy↑taxesor↓governmentspendingorbothSECTIONModule,,DefinitionsofM,MandMOurmoneysupplyisnotbackedbygoldItisfiatmoney,meaningitderivesitsvaluefromthefactthatthegovernmentdecreesitaslegaltenderMoneyMarketModelFeddeterminesthesupplyofmoney–SmisaverticallineDemandformoneyiscomprisedofthedemandfortransactionsandthedemandformoneyweholdasastoreofvalue(assetdemandSm↑→interestrates↓Sm↓→interestrates↑KnowthegeneralorganizationandresponsibilitiesoftheFederalReserveSystem(Fed)Actualreserves=requiredreserves(RR)excessreserves(ER)ReserveRatio–establishedbytheFedanddeterminestheofdemanddepositsthatmustbeheldasrequiredreservesMoneymultiplier=reserveratioCalculatingChangeinMoneySupply(M)Takeachangeinexcessreservesatonebankandmultiplyitbythemoneymultipliertogiveyouthepotentialchangeinthemoneysupply(M)Ifthechangeinexcessreserveswascausedbyanincreaseindemanddeposits,youmustdecideifthedemanddepositwaspreviouslyheldascurrencyinthehandsofthepublicifitwas,itdoesn’tconstituteachangeinMandyoudon’thavetoaddittogetyourfinalanswer,ifitwasnotpreviouslyheldascurrencyinthehandsofthepublic(camefromtheFedora“strangerfromanothereconomicsystem”)addittogetyourfinalanswerLimitations:peoplemayholdcurrencyandnotredepositit,banksmaynotlendoutalloftheirexcessreservesMonetaryPolicy–WhentheFedaltersthemoneysupply(MS)forthepurposeofstabilizingaggregateoutput(GDP)employmentandthepricelevelmajorMonetaryPolicyToolsOpenMarketOperations)ChangingtheReserveRatio)ChangingtheDiscountRateEasyMoneyPolicy(ExpansionaryMonetaryPolicy)–willstimulateADtohelpthecountrydivertorgetoutofrecessionFedwill↑ER→↑MS→↓interestrates→↑businessinvestment(BI),GDP,employmentandpricelevelsFedbuyinggovernmentbonds,↓reserveratioor↓discountrateachievesthispolicyTightMoneyPolicy(ContractionaryMonetaryPolicy)–willcontracttheeconomy(decreaseAD)tocontrolinflationFedwill↓ER→↓MS→↑interestrates→↓BI,GDP,employmentandpricesFedsellinggovernmentbonds,↑reserveratioor↑discountrateModule:TheMarketforLoanableFunds(pgs)SECTIONModule:PhillipsCurve–showsthetradeoffbetweenunemploymentandinflationMosteconomistsagreethetradeoffexistsintheshortrun,butnotinthelongrunInthelongrunthePhillipscurveisverticalatfullemployment,justliketheaggregatesupplycurve(AS),becausewagesandpricesareflexibleinthelongrunSECTIONModules:BeabletodefinewhatthecurrentaccountandfinancialaccountisfromtheBalanceofPaymentsschedule(pg)BeabletoanswerquestionspertainingtoforeignexchangetransactionsandtradeMiscellaneousKnowthemaindifferencesbetweenClassicalandKeynesianEconomics:Classical–changesinADaffectthepricelevelBothwagesandpricesareflexibleinshortandlongrunandaggregatesupplycurveisalwaysverticalKeynesian–changeinADaffectsGDPandemploymentWagesandpricesareinflexibleintheshortruncreatingahorizontalaggregatesupplycurve继续阅读。


编辑推荐

友情链接